As the market in Europe prepares for the commencement of mandatory clearing, new clearing structures are being devised by CCPs (central counterparty clearinghouses) to make the process smoother, more cost efficient and, perhaps most pertinently, more collateral efficient for clients.

With increased demands being placed upon collateral, collateral management and optimisation has never been more important. Being able to source the right collateral at the right time is vital.

The way that collateral is being used, and indeed needed, in financial markets has altered significantly since the financial crises. With the central role handed to CCPs in markets, the majority of trades now need to be collateralised in one way or another.

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A recent paper encouraged end-investors to lend their ETF stocks more readily, improving liquidity in the market while offering returns. Dominic Hobson casts a enquiring eye over the suggestions and potential ramifications for investors.